Last edited by Fenrishakar
Monday, May 11, 2020 | History

3 edition of Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand found in the catalog.

Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand

Possibilities for Development (Resource systems theory and methodology series)

by Terry Grandstaff

  • 247 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by United Nations Univ .
Written in

    Subjects:
  • Shifting cultivation,
  • Thailand, Northern,
  • Agriculture Of Developing Countries

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages44
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL9128069M
    ISBN 109280801929
    ISBN 109789280801927

    Shifting cultivation, or swidden farming, is often held to be the principle driving force for deforestation in tropical Asia ().National governments in Southeast Asia, notably in Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam, have been inclined to blame shifting cultivators, usually members of ethnic minorities, for rapid loss of forests (Dove , Do Van Sam , Le Trong Cuc shifting cultivation. Shifting cultivation in northern Thailand with a short period of cultivation and relatively long fallow periods is now changing to more intensive farming systems. As a result, the deterioration of soil fertility is increasing and is a major problem in this region.

    Shifting Cultivation in the Mountainous Mainland Southeast Asia: The search for appropriate and sustainable land use, and its contribution to the improvement of rural livelihoods Kanok Rerkasem A workshop on Recent Environmental Change in Southeast . Thailand is in the middle of mainland Southeast has a total size of , km 2 (, sq mi) which is the 50th largest in the world. The land border is 4, km (3, mi) long with Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and nation's axial position influenced many aspects of Thailand.

    Life cycle assessment of maize cultivation and biomass utilization in northern Thailand to the shifting cultivation practice has led to the invasion problem of reserved forest areas by. Abstract The purpose of the present study was to analyze the changes in the location of shifting cultivation fields, mainly of upland rice fields, in northern Thailand. Practically, the authors examined the land use history of two households in a Yao (Mien) community from to


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Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand by Terry Grandstaff Download PDF EPUB FB2

Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand: Possibilities for Development (Resource systems theory and methodology series) Paperback – March 1, by Terry Grandstaff (Author) › Visit Amazon's Terry Grandstaff Page.

Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Cited by: 8. Terry B. Grandstaff is a Behavioral Science Advisor with the United States Agency for international Development in Bangkok, Thailand. This study was sponsored by the Technology and Development institute of the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

Some of the research used was sponsored by the Culture Learning Institute of the East-West Center. Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand: Possibilities for Development. Overview.

Methodology Series, No. 3 and Terry B. Grandstaff. PUBLICATION DATA: ISBN LANGUAGE: English PAGES: 50 PUBLISHER: United Nations University Press PUBLISHED: August Full. To clarify the various functions of the fallow phase in the shifting cultivation system in northern Thailand, the fluctuation of fertility-related properties of soils throughout land-use stages was analyzed and the soil organic matter (SOM) budget was quantitatively evaluated, with special reference to soil microbial by: 1.

Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand: Possibilities for Development, by Terry B. Grandstaff (HTML at UNU Press) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms.

Filed under: Agriculture -- Thailand, Northern -- Congresses. Conservation and Development in Northern Thailand, ed. by Jack D. Ives, Sanga Sbhasri, and Pisit Voraurai.

Proceedings of International Seminar on Shifting Cultivation and Economic Development in Northern Thailand, Land Development Department, Bangkok, Thailand.

Google Scholar Kunstadter, P. () Subsistence agricultural economics of Lua and Karen hill farmers of Mae Sariang District, Northern Thailand. shifting cultivation) comes before Tam-na (wetland rice cultivation) in Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand book terms that cover farming in Thai, Tam-rai, tam na (Yia-hai, yia-na in Northern Thai).

Shifting cultivation was practised by both lowland Thais and people of the mountains or "hilltribes". Shifting cultivation supports around million people in the Asia-Pacific region alone. It is often regarded as a primitive and inefficient form of agriculture that destroys forests, causes soil erosion and robs lowland areas of water.

These misconceptions and their policy implications need to be challenged. Swidden farming could support carbon sequestration and conservation of. The villagers continue to practice traditional shifting cultivation [Rai Mun Vien], while government policies aimed at eradicating this form of agriculture have already forced other ethnic highland communities in Northern Thailand to replace hill rice farming with permanent cash crop cultivation.

However, over the years, shifting cultivation has considerably reduced the forest area to the detriment of timber resources and natural habitats.

Where shifting cultivation is intense, accelerated erosion and changes in the water discharge may impair water resources for irrigation, hydropower. shifting cultivation in one way or another.

The current climate change discourse has taken the debate on shifting cultivation to another, a global level, reinforcing existing prejudices, laws and programs with little concern for the people affected by them. Now, shifting cultivation is bad because it causes carbon emission and thus. Shifting cultivation is a type of cultivation in which an area is cultivated temporarily for a period of time which differs from place to place and then abandoned for some time so that it restores nutrients in the plot naturally.

This is very essential for the fertility of the land. see more details, Shifting cultivation shifting cultivation Subject Category: Techniques, Methodologies and Equipment see more details.

Identifier(s): bush fallowing, slash and burn, swidden agriculture Geographical Location(s): Thailand thailand. Filed under: Shifting cultivation -- Thailand, Northern Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand: Possibilities for Development, by Terry B.

Grandstaff (HTML at UNU Press) Items below (if any) are from related and broader terms. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Grandstaff, Terry. Shifting cultivation in Northern Thailand.

Tokyo, Japan: United Nations University, © Book Description Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics. Typically it involves clearing land (often forest) for the growing of crops for a few years, and then moving on to new sites, leaving the earlier ground fallow to regain its soil fertility.

northern Thailand. Among them, two villages were inhabited by Karen people, where shifting cultivation with only 1 y of cultivation and 4 to 8 y of fallow had been adopted, while the other was inhabited by Hmong and Thai peoples, where 2 to 5 y of continuous cultivation had.

Shifting cultivation is still performed dominantly in the mountain area of Thailand, and is pointed out as one of the major causes of forest destruction. Although the shifting cultivation is prohibited by Thai law, it is actively implemented in the deep mountain areas.

Shifting cultivation has been practiced in Europe until the middle of the 20th century, and the method is still prevailing in many tropical countries worldwide. 15% of the population in the Asia- Pacific region is considered “forest-dependent,” and many of these are shifting cultivators. 8 Shifting.

The main functions of the fallow phase in shifting cultivation by Karen people in northern Thailand-a quantitative analysis of soil organic matter dynamics. P Kunstadter EC Chapman Problem of shifting cultivation and economic development in northern Thailand.

In: P Kunstadter E Chapman S Sabhasri editors. Farmer in the Forest: Economic Development and Marginal Agriculture in Northern Thailand.

Honolulu, HI: East–West Center, pp 3–In the traditional shifting cultivation system practiced by the Karen people in northern Thailand, the effects of burning on the content of extractable organic matter, microbial biomass, and N.The forest-fallow system of shifting cultivation of upland rice and other food plants practiced by the Karen people of Mae Hae Tai village, Chiang Mai, northern Thailand, is changing due to increasing population and a resulting decrease in per capita arable land-base.

This has resulted in a reduction of the fallow period, which was 10 or more years in the past. The fallow is traditionally.